We propose that there is a regime of quantum gravity phenomena, for the case that the cosmological constant is small and positive, which concerns physics at temperatures below the de Sitter temperature, or length scales larger than the horizon. We observe that the standard form of the equivalence principle does not apply in this regime; we consider instead that a weakened form of the equivalence principle might hold in which the ratio of gravitational to inertial mass is a function of environmental parameters. We consider possible principles to determine that function. These lead to behavior that, in the limit of ℏ→0 and c →∞ , reproduces the modifications of Newtonian dynamics first proposed by Milgrom. Thus modified newtonian dynamics is elucidated as coding the physics of a novel regime of quantum gravity phenomena. We propose also an effective description of this regime in terms of a bimetric theory, valid in the approximation where the metric is static. This predicts a new effect, which modifies gravity for radial motions.
Physical Review D
- Pub Date:
- October 2017
- General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
- Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- LaTex 22 pages, one figure. Thee revision contains many small improvements