How the huge energy of quantum vacuum gravitates to drive the slow accelerating expansion of the Universe
Abstract
We investigate the gravitational property of the quantum vacuum by treating its large energy density predicted by quantum field theory seriously and assuming that it does gravitate to obey the equivalence principle of general relativity. We find that the quantum vacuum would gravitate differently from what people previously thought. The consequence of this difference is an accelerating universe with a small Hubble expansion rate H ∝Λ e^{β √{G }Λ}→0 instead of the previous prediction H =√{8 π G ρ^{vac}/3 }∝√{G }Λ^{2}→∞ which was unbounded, as the high energy cutoff Λ is taken to infinity. In this sense, at least the "old" cosmological constant problem would be resolved. Moreover, it gives the observed slow rate of the accelerating expansion as Λ is taken to be some large value of the order of Planck energy or higher. This result suggests that there is no necessity to introduce the cosmological constant, which is required to be fine tuned to an accuracy of 10^{120} , or other forms of dark energy, which are required to have peculiar negative pressure, to explain the observed accelerating expansion of the Universe.
 Publication:

Physical Review D
 Pub Date:
 May 2017
 DOI:
 10.1103/PhysRevD.95.103504
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1703.00543
 Bibcode:
 2017PhRvD..95j3504W
 Keywords:

 General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology;
 High Energy Physics  Theory
 EPrint:
 35 pages, 8 figures, PRD Editors' Suggestion