We show that the counter-rotating terms of the dispersive qubit-cavity Rabi model can produce relatively large and nonmonotonic Bloch-Siegert shifts in the cavity frequency as the system is driven through a quantum-to-classical transition. Using a weak microwave probe tone, we demonstrate experimentally this effect by monitoring the resonance frequency of a microwave cavity coupled to a transmon and driven by a microwave field with varying power. In the weakly driven regime (quantum phase), the Bloch-Siegert shift appears as a small constant frequency shift, while for a strong drive (classical phase) it presents an oscillatory behavior as a function of the number of photons in the cavity. The experimental results are in agreement with numerical simulations based on the quasienergy spectrum.
Physical Review B
- Pub Date:
- July 2017
- Condensed Matter - Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics;
- Quantum Physics
- Main text (5+ pages and 4 figures) and Supplementary Information (13 pages and 7 figures). Updated to published version