Signatures of the single-particle mobility edge in the ground-state properties of Tonks-Girardeau and noninteracting Fermi gases in a bichromatic potential
We explore the ground-state properties of cold atomic gases focusing on the cases of noninteracting fermions and hard-core (Tonks-Girardeau) bosons, trapped by the combination of two potentials (bichromatic lattice) with incommensurate periods. For such systems, two limiting cases have been thoroughly established. In the tight-binding limit, the single-particle states in the lowest occupied band show a localization transition, as the strength of the second potential is increased above a certain threshold. In the continuous limit, when the tight-binding approximation does not hold, a mobility edge is found, instead, whose position in energy depends upon the strength of the second potential. Here, we study how the crossover from the discrete to the continuum behavior occurs, and prove that signatures of the localization transition and mobility edge clearly appear in the generic many-body properties of the systems. Specifically, we evaluate the momentum distribution, which is a routinely measured quantity in experiments with cold atoms, and demonstrate that, even in the presence of strong boson-boson interactions (infinite in the Tonks-Girardeau limit), the single-particle mobility edge can be observed in the ground-state properties.