In this thesis I present an analysis of the structure and kinematics of the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex in an effort to better characterize the dynamical state of the closest region of the ongoing massive star formation and to provide a baseline for comparison of the upcoming results from the Gaia space telescope. In order to achieve this goal, I measured stellar parallax and proper motions, using very large baseline radio interferometry of non-thermally-emitting sources.. Based on these observations I measured the average distance in Orion A molecular cloud of 388±5 pc toward the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC), 428±10 pc toward the southern portion of L1641, as well as the distance in Orion B of 388±10 pc toward NGC 2068, and roughly ∼420 pc toward NGC 2024. These are the first direct distance measurements with < 5% uncertainty to the regions within the Orion Complex outside of the ONC. Little can be said about the proper motions due to the sparcity of the sample size; however, I identified a number of binary systems and fitted their orbital motion, which allows for the direct measurement of the masses of the individual components. I also identified three stars that have been ejected from the ONC due to the gravitational interactions with its most massive stars.I complemented the parallax and proper motion measurements with the observations of radial velocities (RV) of the stars toward the Orion Complex, probing the histories of both dynamic evolution and star formation in the region. I found that in the Orion A cloud and in NGC 2024 there exists an asymmetry between the stellar RVs and those of the molecular gas, with a small fraction of the stars stars being preferentially blueshifted relative to the gas. Several possible explanations for this have been proposed, although presently there is not yet a definitive solution. I also analyzed the multiplicity fraction of the spectroscopic binaries in the ONC, and found that it is largely consistent to what is observed in the nearby field stars.Finally, I explored the substructure of the ONC by focusing on NGC 1980, a cluster that has previously been identified as foreground to and older than the ONC. I examined these claims to show that there is little evidence that there is a discrepancy in distance between the stellar populations of the ONC and NGC 1980. Additionally, while the stars of NGC 1980 are likely somewhat older than the ONC, their age is consistent with the stellar population of the rest of the Orion A molecular cloud.