HLA-B*15:02 screening before carbamazepine (CBZ) prescription in Asian populations is the recommended practice to prevent CBZ-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome (CBZ-SJS). However, a number of patients have developed CBZ-SJS even having no HLA-B*15:02. Herein, we present the case of a Thai patient who had a negative HLA-B*15:02 screening result but later developed CBZ-SJS. Further HLA typing revealed HLA-B*15:21/B*13:01. HLA-B*15:21 is a member of the HLA-B75 serotype and is commonly found in Southeast Asian populations. Based on this case, we hypothesised that if all HLA-B*15:02 carriers were prevented from CBZ prescription, another common HLA-B75 serotype marker would show its association with CBZ-SJS. To test this hypothesis, we pooled data from previous association studies in Asian populations, excluded all cases with HLA-B*15:02, and analysed the association significance of HLA-B75 serotype markers. A significant association was found between CBZ-SJS and HLA-B*15:21 and HLA-B*15:11. We also applied an in silico analysis and found that all HLA-B75 serotype molecules shared similar capability in binding the CBZ molecule. In summary, this report provides the first evidence of a positive association between HLA-B*15:21 and CBZ-SJS and the first in silico analysis of CBZ binding sites and details of the molecular behaviour of HLA-B75 molecule to explain its molecular action.