Edge connectivity and the spectral gap of combinatorial and quantum graphs
Abstract
We derive a number of upper and lower bounds for the first nontrivial eigenvalue of Laplacians on combinatorial and quantum graph in terms of the edge connectivity, i.e. the minimal number of edges which need to be removed to make the graph disconnected. On combinatorial graphs, one of the bounds corresponds to a wellknown inequality of Fiedler, of which we give a new variational proof. On quantum graphs, the corresponding bound generalizes a recent result of Band and Lévy. All proofs are general enough to yield corresponding estimates for the pLaplacian and allow us to identify the minimizers.
Based on the Betti number of the graph, we also derive upper and lower bounds on all eigenvalues which are ‘asymptotically correct’, i.e. agree with the Weyl asymptotics for the eigenvalues of the quantum graph. In particular, the lower bounds improve the bounds of Friedlander on any given graph for all but finitely many eigenvalues, while the upper bounds improve recent results of Ariturk. Our estimates are also used to derive bounds on the eigenvalues of the normalized Laplacian matrix that improve known bounds of spectral graph theory.
 Publication:

Journal of Physics A Mathematical General
 Pub Date:
 September 2017
 DOI:
 10.1088/17518121/aa8125
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1702.05264
 Bibcode:
 2017JPhA...50.5201B
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Spectral Theory;
 05C50;
 34B45;
 34L25;
 35P15
 EPrint:
 doi:10.1088/17518121/aa8125