Statistics and structure of spanwise rotating turbulent channel flow at moderate Reynolds numbers
Abstract
A study of fully developed plane turbulent channel flow subject to spanwise system rotation through direct numerical simulations is presented. In order to study both the influence of the Reynolds number and spanwise rotation on channel flow, the Reynolds number $Re = U_b h/\nu$ is varied from a low 3000 to a moderate $31\,600$ and the rotation number $Ro = 2 \Omega h/U_b$ is varied from 0 to 2.7, where $U_b$ is the mean bulk velocity, $h$ the channel half gap and $\Omega$ the system rotation rate. The mean streamwise velocity profile displays also at higher $Re$ the characteristic linear part with a slope near to $2 \Omega$ and a corresponding linear part in the profiles of the production and dissipation rate of turbulent kinetic energy appears. With increasing $Ro$ a distinct unstable side with large spanwise and wallnormal Reynolds stresses and a stable side with much weaker turbulence develops in the channel. The flow starts to relaminarize on the stable side of the channel and persisting turbulentlaminar patterns appear at higher $Re$. If $Ro$ is further increased the flow on the stable side becomes laminarlike while at yet higher $Ro$ the whole flow relaminarizes, although the calm periods might be disrupted by repeating bursts of turbulence, as explained by Brethouwer (2016). The influence of the Reynolds number is considerable, in particular on the stable side of the channel where velocity fluctuations are stronger and the flow relaminarizes less quickly at higher $Re$. Visualizations and statistics show that at $Ro=0.15$ and 0.45 largescale structures and large counter rotating streamwise roll cells develop on the unstable side. These become less noticeable and eventually vanish when $Ro$ raises, especially at higher $Re$. At high $Ro$, the largest energetic structures are larger at lower $Re$.
 Publication:

Journal of Fluid Mechanics
 Pub Date:
 October 2017
 DOI:
 10.1017/jfm.2017.526
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1612.00254
 Bibcode:
 2017JFM...828..424B
 Keywords:

 Physics  Fluid Dynamics
 EPrint:
 Journal of Fluid Mechanics / 2017 / Volume 828 / pp. 424458