The Higgs boson was postulated in 1964, and phenomenological studies of its possible production and decays started in the early 1970s, followed by studies of its possible production in e+ e-, bar pp and pp collisions, in particular. Until recently, the most sensitive searches for the Higgs boson were at LEP between 1989 and 2000, which were complemented by searches at the Fermilab Tevatron. Then the LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS entered the hunt, announcing on July 4, 2012 the discovery of a "Higgs-like" particle with a mass of about 125 GeV. This identification has been supported by subsequent measurements of its spin, parity and coupling properties. It was widely anticipated that the Higgs boson would be accompanied by supersymmetry, although other options, like compositeness, were not completely excluded. So far there are no signs of any new physics, and the measured properties of the Higgs boson are consistent with the predictions of the minimal Standard Model. This article reviews some of the key historical developments in Higgs physics over the past half-century.
The Standard Theory of Particle Physics: Essays to Celebrate CERN's 60th Anniversary
- Pub Date:
- October 2016
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- High Energy Physics - Experiment;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 22 pages, 5 figures, update of arXiv:1201.6045, to be published in the volume "The Standard Theory of Particle Physics", edited by Luciano Maiani and Gigi Rolandi