The Anarchy of Scheduling Without Money
Abstract
We consider the scheduling problem on $n$ strategic unrelated machines when no payments are allowed, under the objective of minimizing the makespan. We adopt the model introduced in [Koutsoupias, Theory Comput. Syst. (2014)] where a machine is bound by her declarations in the sense that if she is assigned a particular job then she will have to execute it for an amount of time at least equal to the one she reported, even if her private, true processing capabilities are actually faster. We provide a (nontruthful) randomized algorithm whose pure Price of Anarchy is arbitrarily close to $1$ for the case of a single task and close to $n$ if it is applied independently to schedule many tasks. Previous work considers the constraint of truthfulness and proves a tight approximation ratio of $(n+1)/2$ for one task which generalizes to $n(n+1)/2$ for many tasks. Furthermore, we revisit the truthfulness case and reduce the latter approximation ratio for many tasks down to $n$, asymptotically matching the best known lower bound. This is done via a detour to the relaxed, fractional version of the problem, for which we are also able to provide an optimal approximation ratio of $1$. Finally, we mention that all our algorithms achieve optimal ratios of $1$ for the social welfare objective.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2016
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1607.03688
 Bibcode:
 2016arXiv160703688G
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Computer Science and Game Theory