We summarize the potential impact that the European Union's new General Data Protection Regulation will have on the routine use of machine learning algorithms. Slated to take effect as law across the EU in 2018, it will restrict automated individual decision-making (that is, algorithms that make decisions based on user-level predictors) which "significantly affect" users. The law will also effectively create a "right to explanation," whereby a user can ask for an explanation of an algorithmic decision that was made about them. We argue that while this law will pose large challenges for industry, it highlights opportunities for computer scientists to take the lead in designing algorithms and evaluation frameworks which avoid discrimination and enable explanation.
- Pub Date:
- June 2016
- Statistics - Machine Learning;
- Computer Science - Computers and Society;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- presented at 2016 ICML Workshop on Human Interpretability in Machine Learning (WHI 2016), New York, NY