We study optimization of finite sums of geodesically smooth functions on Riemannian manifolds. Although variance reduction techniques for optimizing finite-sums have witnessed tremendous attention in the recent years, existing work is limited to vector space problems. We introduce Riemannian SVRG (RSVRG), a new variance reduced Riemannian optimization method. We analyze RSVRG for both geodesically convex and nonconvex (smooth) functions. Our analysis reveals that RSVRG inherits advantages of the usual SVRG method, but with factors depending on curvature of the manifold that influence its convergence. To our knowledge, RSVRG is the first provably fast stochastic Riemannian method. Moreover, our paper presents the first non-asymptotic complexity analysis (novel even for the batch setting) for nonconvex Riemannian optimization. Our results have several implications; for instance, they offer a Riemannian perspective on variance reduced PCA, which promises a short, transparent convergence analysis.
- Pub Date:
- May 2016
- Mathematics - Optimization and Control;
- Computer Science - Machine Learning
- This is the final version that appeared in NIPS 2016. Our proof of Lemma 2 was incorrect in the previous arXiv version. (9 pages paper + 6 pages appendix)