Interplay between magnetism and energetics in FeCr alloys from a predictive non-collinear magnetic tight-binding model
Magnetism is a key driving force controlling several thermodynamic and kinetic properties of Fe-Cr systems. We present a newly-developed TB model for Fe-Cr, where magnetism is treated beyond the usual collinear approcimation. A major advantage of this model consists in a rather simple fitting procedure. In particular, no specific properties of the binary system is explicitly required in the fitting database. The present model is proved to be accurate and highly transfer-able for electronic, magnetic and energetic properties of a large variety of structural and chemical environments: surfaces, interfaces, embedded clusters, and the whole compositional range of the binary alloy. The occurence of non-collinear magnetic configurations caused by magnetic frustrations is successfully predicted. The present TB approach can apply for other binary magnetic transition-metal alloys. It is expected to be particularly promissing if the size difference between the alloying elements is rather small and the electronic properties prevail.