Finite element approximation of a time-fractional diffusion problem in a non-convex polygonal domain
An initial-boundary value problem for the time-fractional diffusion equation is discretized in space using continuous piecewise-linear finite elements on a polygonal domain with a re-entrant corner. Known error bounds for the case of a convex polygon break down because the associated Poisson equation is no longer $H^2$-regular. In particular, the method is no longer second-order accurate if quasi-uniform triangulations are used. We prove that a suitable local mesh refinement about the re-entrant corner restores second-order convergence. In this way, we generalize known results for the classical heat equation due to Chatzipantelidis, Lazarov, Thomée and Wahlbin.