Anisotropic de Gennes Narrowing in Confined Fluids
The collective diffusion of dense fluids in spatial confinement is studied by combining high-energy (21 keV) x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy and small-angle x-ray scattering from colloid-filled microfluidic channels. We find the structural relaxation in confinement to be slower compared to the bulk. The collective dynamics is wave vector dependent, akin to the de Gennes narrowing typically observed in bulk fluids. However, in stark contrast to the bulk, the structure factor and de Gennes narrowing in confinement are anisotropic. These experimental observations are essential in order to develop a microscopic theoretical description of collective diffusion of dense fluids in confined geometries.
Physical Review Letters
- Pub Date:
- April 2016
- Condensed Matter - Soft Condensed Matter
- 5 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in Phys Rev Lett