MOCCASURVEY database I. Accreting white dwarf binary systems in globular clusters  I. Cataclysmic variables  presentday population
Abstract
In this paper, which is the first in a series of papers associated with cataclysmic variables and related objects, we introduce the CATUABA code, a numerical machinery written for analysis of the MOCCA simulations, and show some first results by investigating the presentday population of cataclysmic variables in globular clusters. Emphasis was given on their properties and the observational selection effects when observing and detecting them. In this work, we analysed in this work six models, including three with Kroupa distributions of the initial binaries. We found that for models with Kroupa initial distributions, considering the standard value of the efficiency of the common envelope phase adopted in BSE, no single cataclysmic variable was formed only via binary stellar evolution, I.e. in order to form them, strong dynamical interactions have to take place. We show and explain why this is inconsistent with observational and theoretical results. Our results indicate that the population of cataclysmic variables in globular clusters is, mainly, in the last stage of their evolution and observational selection effects can drastically change the expected number of observed cataclysmic variables. We show that the probability of observing them during the outbursts is extremely small and conclude that the best way of looking for cataclysmic variables in globular clusters is by searching for variabilities during quiescence, instead of during outbursts. For that, one would need a very deep observation which could reach magnitudes ≳27 mag. Finally, we argue that cataclysmic variables in globular clusters are not necessarily magnetic.
 Publication:

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
 Pub Date:
 November 2016
 DOI:
 10.1093/mnras/stw1841
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1607.07619
 Bibcode:
 2016MNRAS.462.2950B
 Keywords:

 methods: numerical;
 novae;
 cataclysmic variables;
 globular clusters: general;
 Astrophysics  Astrophysics of Galaxies
 EPrint:
 21 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables