Modelling Hadronic Matter
Abstract
Hadron physics stands somewhere in the diffuse intersection between nuclear and particle physics and relies largely on the use of models. Historically, around 1930, the first nuclear physics models known as the liquid drop model and the semiempirical mass formula established the grounds for the study of nuclei properties and nuclear structure. These two models are parameter dependent. Nowadays, around 500 hundred nonrelativistic (Skyrmetype) and relativistic models are available in the literature and largely used and the vast majority are parameter dependent models. In this review I discuss some of the shortcomings of using nonrelativistic models and the advantages of using relativistic ones when applying them to describe hadronic matter. I also show possible applications of relativistic models to physical situations that cover part of the QCD phase diagram: I mention how the description of compact objects can be done, how heavyion collisions can be investigated and particle fractions obtained and show the relation between liquidgas phase transitions and the pasta phase.
 Publication:

Journal of Physics Conference Series
 Pub Date:
 April 2016
 DOI:
 10.1088/17426596/706/3/032001
 Bibcode:
 2016JPhCS.706c2001M