Effect of atomic diffusion on the Raman-Ramsey coherent population trapping resonances
We experimentally investigated the characteristics of two-photon transmission resonances in Rb vapor cells with different amount of buffer gas under the conditions of steady-state coherent population trapping (CPT) and pulsed Raman-Ramsey (RR-) CPT interrogation scheme. We particularly focused on the influence of the Rb atoms diffusing in and out of the laser beam. We showed that this effect modifies the shape of both CPT and Raman-Ramsey resonances, as well as their projected performance for CPT clock applications. In particular we found that at moderate buffer gas pressures RR-CPT did not improved the projected atomic clock stability compare to the regular steady-state CPT resonance.
Journal of the Optical Society of America B Optical Physics
- Pub Date:
- April 2016
- Physics - Atomic Physics;
- Physics - Optics
- 5 pages, 3 figures