Context. Because isolated high-velocity clouds (HVCs) are found at great distances from the Galactic radiation field and because they have subsolar metallicities, there have been no detections of dust in these structures. A key problem in this search is the removal of foreground dust emission.
Aims: Using the Effelsberg-Bonn H I Survey and the Planck far-infrared data, we investigate a bright, cold, and clumpy HVC. This cloud apparently undergoes an interaction with the ambient medium and thus has great potential to form dust.
Methods: To remove the local foreground dust emission we used a regularised, generalised linear model and we show the advantages of this approach with respect to other methods. To estimate the dust emissivity of the HVC, we set up a simple Bayesian model with mildly informative priors to perform the line fit instead of an ordinary linear least-squares approach.
Results: We find that the foreground can be modelled accurately and robustly with our approach and is limited mostly by the cosmic infrared background. Despite this improvement, we did not detect any significant dust emission from this promising HVC. The 3σ-equivalent upper limit to the dust emissivity is an order of magnitude below the typical values for the Galactic interstellar medium.