Discrete Bright Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates and Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Field Theory
We first review the derivation of an effective one-dimensional (1D) discrete nonpolynomial Schrödinger equation from the continuous 3D Gross-Pitaevskii equation with transverse harmonic confinement and axial periodic potential. Then we study the bright solitons obtained from this discrete nonpolynomial equation showing that they give rise to the collapse of the condensate above a critical attractive strength. We also investigate the dimensional reduction of a bosonic quantum field theory, deriving an effective 1D nonpolynomial Heisenberg equation from the 3D Heisenberg equation of the continuous bosonic field operator under the action of transverse harmonic confinement. Moreover, by taking into account the presence of an axial periodic potential we find a generalized Bose-Hubbard model which reduces to the familiar 1D Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian only if a strong inequality is satisfied. Remarkably, in the absence of axial periodic potential our 1D nonpolynomial Heisenberg equation gives the generalized Lieb-Liniger theory we obtained some years ago.
Quodons in Mica
- Pub Date:
- Materials Science;
- Condensed Matter - Quantum Gases;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons
- 8 pages, 5 figures, presented at the meeting "Quodons in Mica: nonlinear localized travelling excitations in crystals", in honour of Prof. Mike Russell, Altea, Spain, September 18-21, 2013. To be published in the Proceedings