Uniformly Valid Post-Regularization Confidence Regions for Many Functional Parameters in Z-Estimation Framework
In this paper we develop procedures to construct simultaneous confidence bands for $\tilde p$ potentially infinite-dimensional parameters after model selection for general moment condition models where $\tilde p$ is potentially much larger than the sample size of available data, $n$. This allows us to cover settings with functional response data where each of the $\tilde p$ parameters is a function. The procedure is based on the construction of score functions that satisfy certain orthogonality condition. The proposed simultaneous confidence bands rely on uniform central limit theorems for high-dimensional vectors (and not on Donsker arguments as we allow for $\tilde p \gg n$). To construct the bands, we employ a multiplier bootstrap procedure which is computationally efficient as it only involves resampling the estimated score functions (and does not require resolving the high-dimensional optimization problems). We formally apply the general theory to inference on regression coefficient process in the distribution regression model with a logistic link, where two implementations are analyzed in detail. Simulations and an application to real data are provided to help illustrate the applicability of the results.