The Inflection Point of the Speed-Density Relation and the Social Force Model
It has been argued that the speed-density digram of pedestrian movement has an inflection point. This inflection point was found empirically in investigations of closed-loop single-file pedestrian movement. The reduced complexity of single-file movement does not only allow a higher precision for the evaluation of empirical data, but it occasionally also allows analytical considerations for micosimulation models. In this way it will be shown that certain (common) variants of the Social Force Model (SFM) do not produce an inflection point in the speed-density diagram if infinitely many pedestrians contribute to the force computed for one pedestrian. We propose a modified Social Force Model that produces the inflection point.
- Pub Date:
- July 2015
- Physics - Physics and Society;
- Computer Science - Multiagent Systems
- accepted for presentation at conference Traffic and Granular Flow 2015