Enhanced Covers of Regular & Indeterminate Strings using Prefix Tables
Abstract
A \itbf{cover} of a string $x = x[1..n]$ is a proper substring $u$ of $x$ such that $x$ can be constructed from possibly overlapping instances of $u$. A recent paper \cite{FIKPPST13} relaxes this definition  an \itbf{enhanced cover} $u$ of $x$ is a border of $x$ (that is, a proper prefix that is also a suffix) that covers a {\it maximum} number of positions in $x$ (not necessarily all)  and proposes efficient algorithms for the computation of enhanced covers. These algorithms depend on the prior computation of the \itbf{border array} $\beta[1..n]$, where $\beta[i]$ is the length of the longest border of $x[1..i]$, $1 \le i \le n$. In this paper, we first show how to compute enhanced covers using instead the \itbf{prefix table}: an array $\pi[1..n]$ such that $\pi[i]$ is the length of the longest substring of $x$ beginning at position $i$ that matches a prefix of $x$. Unlike the border array, the prefix table is robust: its properties hold also for \itbf{indeterminate strings}  that is, strings defined on {\it subsets} of the alphabet $\Sigma$ rather than individual elements of $\Sigma$. Thus, our algorithms, in addition to being faster in practice and more spaceefficient than those of \cite{FIKPPST13}, allow us to easily extend the computation of enhanced covers to indeterminate strings. Both for regular and indeterminate strings, our algorithms execute in expected linear time. Along the way we establish an important theoretical result: that the expected maximum length of any border of any prefix of a regular string $x$ is approximately 1.64 for binary alphabets, less for larger ones.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 June 2015
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1506.06793
 Bibcode:
 2015arXiv150606793A
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Data Structures and Algorithms