In this paper we announce the existence of a family of new $2$-variable polynomial invariants for oriented classical links defined via a Markov trace on the Yokonuma-Hecke algebra of type $A$. Yokonuma-Hecke algebras are generalizations of Iwahori-Hecke algebras, and this family contains the Homflypt polynomial, the famous $2$-variable invariant for classical links arising from the Iwahori-Hecke algebra of type $A$. We show that these invariants are topologically equivalent to the Homflypt polynomial on knots, but not on links, by providing pairs of Homflypt-equivalent links that are distinguished by our invariants. In order to do this, we prove that our invariants can be defined diagrammatically via a special skein relation involving only crossings between different components. We further generalize this family of invariants to a new $3$-variable skein link invariant which is stronger than the Homflypt polynomial. Finally, we present a closed formula for this invariant, by W.B.R. Lickorish, which uses Homflypt polynomials of sublinks and linking numbers of a given oriented link.
- Pub Date:
- May 2015
- Mathematics - Geometric Topology;
- Mathematics - Representation Theory;
- 57 pages, 12 figures, 1 table. For related computational packages, see http://math.ntua.gr/~sofia/yokonuma . Added an appendix by W.B.R. Lickorish