On Curves and Surfaces of Constant Width
Abstract
This paper focuses on curves and surfaces of constant width, with some additional results about general ovals. We emphasize the use of Fourier series to derive properties, some of which are known. Amongst other results, we show that the perimeter of an oval is $\pi$ times its average width, and provide a bound for the radius of curvature of an oval that depends on the structure of the harmonics in its Fourier series. We prove that the density of a certain packing of Reuleaux curved triangles in the plane is $$\frac{2 (\pi  \sqrt{3})}{\sqrt{15} + \sqrt{7}  2 \sqrt{3}} \simeq 0.92288$$ which exceeds the maximum density for circles ($\simeq 0.9060$), and conjecture this is the maximum for any curve of constant width. For surfaces of constant width we show that $ \rho_0(P)+ \rho_1(Q)=w$ where the $\rho_i$ are the principal curvatures, $P$ and $Q$ are opposite points, and $w>0$ is the width. Moreover, an ovoid is a surface of constant width $w>0$ if and only if $\rho_{\rm mean}(P)+\rho_{\rm mean}(Q) = w$ where $\rho_{\rm mean}(P)$ is the average radius of curvature at point $P$. Finally, we provide a Fourier seriesbased construction that produces arbitrarily many new surfaces of constant width.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 April 2015
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1504.06733
 Bibcode:
 2015arXiv150406733R
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Differential Geometry
 EPrint:
 48 pages, 15 figures