We consider complex saddle points in QCD at finite temperature and density, which are constrained by symmetry under charge and complex conjugations. This approach naturally incorporates color neutrality, and the Polyakov loop and the conjugate loop at the saddle point are real but not identical. Moreover, it can give rise to a complex mass matrix associated with the Polyakov loops, reflecting oscillatory behavior in color-charge densities. This aspect of the phase structure appears to be sensitive to the origin of confinement, as modeled in the effective potential.
- Pub Date:
- February 2015
- High Energy Physics - Phenomenology;
- High Energy Physics - Lattice;
- High Energy Physics - Theory
- 9 pages, 4 figures, proceedings for the 9th International Workshop on Critical Point and Onset of Deconfinement (CPOD 2014)