Detection of magnetic fields in both B-type components of the ɛ Lupi system: a new constraint on the origin of fossil fields?
High-resolution circular spectropolarimetric observations, obtained with ESPaDOnS in the context of the BinaMIcS Large Program, have revealed a magnetic field in the B3V secondary component of the SB2 binary system ɛ Lupi (B2/B3). As the B2V primary is already known to be magnetic, this is the first detection of a magnetic field in both components of an early-type binary system. The longitudinal magnetic field of the primary is ∼ -200 G; that of the secondary ∼ +100 G. Observations can be approximately reproduced by a model assuming the magnetic axes of the two stars are anti-aligned, and roughly parallel to their respective rotation axes. Estimated magnetospheric radii indicate a high probability that their magnetospheres are interacting. As many of the arguments for the different proposed formation scenarios of fossil magnetic fields rely upon evidence drawn from investigations of close binaries, in particular the rarity of magnetic ABO stars in close binaries and the previous absence of any known close binary with two magnetic, massive stars, this discovery may be an important new constraint on the origin of fossil magnetic fields.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Pub Date:
- November 2015
- binaries: close;
- stars: early-type;
- stars: individual: ɛ Lupi;
- stars: magnetic field;
- stars: massive;
- Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
- 5 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS