Thermal conductivity of condensed gold in states with the strongly excited electron subsystem
Abstract
Data on thermal conductivity in states with hot electrons are necessary for the calculation of ultrashort laser exposure and the behavior of matter near the tracks of fast particles penetrating the condensed phase. The paper presents new analytical expressions describing the state of gold with the extrahigh heat conductivity within a broad range of twotemperature phase diagram including the melting curve. This is a region in the threedimensional space defined by the electron temperature T_{e}, ion temperature T_{i} and the density ρ, at which the thermal conductivity κ is one order of magnitude larger than the value related to the room temperature. The growth of heat transfer is due to a sharp increase in the heat capacity of carriers (electrons) when they are heated and, accordingly, the gradual loss of the degeneracy. The developed model is based on an exact solution of the kinetic equation, involving experimental data and calculations of the electronic spectrum by the density functional method. The model works well also at low temperatures T_{e} that allows describing the crystallization of the melt as it cools down.
 Publication:

Journal of Physics Conference Series
 Pub Date:
 November 2015
 DOI:
 10.1088/17426596/653/1/012087
 Bibcode:
 2015JPhCS.653a2087P