The K giant star ν Oph has two brown dwarf companions (with minimum masses of about 22 and 25 times the mass of Jupiter), whose orbital periods are about 530 and 3200 days and close to 6:1 in ratio. We present a dynamical analysis of this system, using 150 precise radial velocities obtained at the Lick Observatory in combination with data already available in the literature. We investigate a large set of orbital fits by applying systematic χ2 grid-search techniques coupled with self-consistent dynamical fitting. We find that the brown dwarfs are indeed locked in an aligned 6:1 resonant configuration, with all six mean-motion resonance angles librating around 0°, but the inclination of the orbits is poorly constrained. As with resonant planet pairs, the brown dwarfs in this system were most likely captured into resonance through disk-induced convergent migration. Thus the ν Oph system shows that brown dwarfs can form like planets in disks around stars.This work is supported in part by Hong Kong RGC grant HKU 7024/13P.
AAS/Division of Dynamical Astronomy Meeting #46
- Pub Date:
- May 2015