Bayesian mass and age estimates for transiting exoplanet host stars
Abstract
Context. The mean density of a star transited by a planet, brown dwarf or low mass star can be accurately measured from its light curve. This measurement can be combined with other observations to estimate its mass and age by comparison with stellar models.
Aims: Our aim is to calculate the posterior probability distributions for the mass and age of a star given its density, effective temperature, metallicity and luminosity.
Methods: We computed a large grid of stellar models that densely sample the appropriate mass and metallicity range. The posterior probability distributions are calculated using a Markovchain MonteCarlo method. The method has been validated by comparison to the results of other stellar models and by applying the method to stars in eclipsing binary systems with accurately measured masses and radii. We have explored the sensitivity of our results to the assumed values of the mixinglength parameter, α_{MLT}, and initial helium mass fraction, Y.
Results: For a star with a mass of 0.9 M_{☉} and an age of 4 Gyr our method recovers the mass of the star with a precision of 2% and the age to within 25% based on the density, effective temperature and metallicity predicted by a range of different stellar models. The masses of stars in eclipsing binaries are recovered to within the calculated uncertainties (typically 5%) in about 90% of cases. There is a tendency for the masses to be underestimated by about 0.1 M_{☉} for some stars with rotation periods P_{rot}< 7 d.
Conclusions: Our method makes it straightforward to determine accurately the joint posterior probability distribution for the mass and age of a star eclipsed by a planet or other dark body based on its observed properties and a stateofthe art set of stellar models. The source code for our method is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.ustrasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.ustrasbg.fr/vizbin/qcat?J/A+A/575/A36
 Publication:

Astronomy and Astrophysics
 Pub Date:
 March 2015
 DOI:
 10.1051/00046361/201425331
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1412.7891
 Bibcode:
 2015A&A...575A..36M
 Keywords:

 stars: solartype;
 binaries: eclipsing;
 planetary systems;
 Astrophysics  Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics;
 Astrophysics  Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
 EPrint:
 Accepted for publication in A&