An Inquiry into the Possibility of Nonlocal Quantum Communication
The possibility of nonlocal quantum communication is considered. We investigate three $gedankenexperiments$ that have variable entanglement: (1) a 4-detector polarization-entangled system, (2) a 4-detector path-entangled system, and (3) a 3-detector path-entangled system that uses an innovative optical mixer to combine photon paths. A new quantum paradox is reviewed in which the presence or absence of an interference pattern in a path-entangled two photon system, controlled by measurement choice, is a potential nonlocal signal. We show that for the cases considered, even when interference patterns can be switched off and on, there is always a "signal" interference pattern and an "anti-signal" interference pattern that mask any observable interference when they are added, even when entanglement and coherence are simultaneously present. This behavior can be attributed to what in the literature has been called "the complementarity of one- and two-particle interference".
- Pub Date:
- September 2014
- Quantum Physics
- 13 pages, 8 figures