A self-regulatory genetic circuit, where a protein acts as a positive regulator of its own production, is known to be a simplest form of biological network with a positive feedback loop. Although at least three components, DNA, RNA, and the protein, are required to form such a circuit, the stability analysis of fixed points of the self-regulatory circuit has been performed only after reducing the system into to a two-component system consisting of RNA and protein only, assuming a fast equilibration of the DNA component. Here, the stability of fixed points of the three-component positive feedback loop is analyzed by obtaining eigenvalues of full three dimensional Hessian matrix. In addition to rigorously identifying the stable fixed points and the saddle points, detailed information can be obtained, such as the number of positive eigenvalues near a saddle point. In particular, complex eigenvalues is shown to exist for sufficiently slow binding and unbinding of the auto-regulatory transcription factor to DNA, leading to oscillatory convergence to the steady states, a novel feature unseen in the two-dimensional analysis.
- Pub Date:
- August 2014
- Physics - Biological Physics;
- Condensed Matter - Statistical Mechanics;
- Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems;
- Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks
- 16 pages, 1 figure (6 small figures), Typos corrected