The Stratified Spaces of Real Polynomials & Trajectory Spaces of Traversing Flows
Abstract
This paper is the third in a series that researches the Morse Theory, gradient flows, concavity and complexity on smooth compact manifolds with boundary. Employing the local analytic models from \cite{K2}, for \emph{traversally generic flows} on $(n+1)$manifolds $X$, we embark on a detailed and somewhat tedious study of universal combinatorics of their tangency patterns with respect to the boundary $\d X$. This combinatorics is captured by a universal poset $\Omega^\bullet_{'\langle n]}$ which depends only on the dimension of $X$. It is intimately linked with the combinatorial patterns of real divisors of real polynomials in one variable of degrees which do not exceed $2(n+1)$. Such patterns are elements of another natural poset $\Omega_{\langle 2n+2]}$ that describes the ways in which the real roots merge, divide, appear, and disappear under deformations of real polynomials. The space of real degree $d$ polynomials $\mathcal P^d$ is stratified so that its pure strata are cells, labelled by the elements of the poset $\Omega_{\langle d]}$. This cellular structure in $\mathcal P^d$ is interesting on its own right (see Theorem \ref {th4.1} and Theorem \ref {th4.2}). Moreover, it helps to understand the \emph{localized} structure of the trajectory spaces $\mathcal T(v)$ for traversally generic fields $v$, the main subject of Theorem \ref {th5.2} and Theorem \ref {th5.3}.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 July 2014
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1407.2984
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1407.2984
 Bibcode:
 2014arXiv1407.2984K
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Geometric Topology;
 57R25;
 57R35
 EPrint:
 37 pages, 6 figures