An error analysis for polynomial optimization over the simplex based on the multivariate hypergeometric distribution
We study the minimization of fixed-degree polynomials over the simplex. This problem is well-known to be NP-hard, as it contains the maximum stable set problem in graph theory as a special case. In this paper, we consider a rational approximation by taking the minimum over the regular grid, which consists of rational points with denominator $r$ (for given $r$). We show that the associated convergence rate is $O(1/r^2)$ for quadratic polynomials. For general polynomials, if there exists a rational global minimizer over the simplex, we show that the convergence rate is also of the order $O(1/r^2)$. Our results answer a question posed by De Klerk et al. (2013) and improves on previously known $O(1/r)$ bounds in the quadratic case.