Homogenization Model for Aberrant Crypt Foci
Abstract
Several explanations can be found in the literature about the origin of colorectal cancer. There is however some agreement on the fact that the carcinogenic process is a result of several genetic mutations of normal cells. The colon epithelium is characterized by millions of invaginations, very small cavities, called crypts, where most of the cellular activity occurs. It is consensual in the medical community, that a potential first manifestation of the carcinogenic process, observed in conventional colonoscopy images, is the appearance of Aberrant Crypt Foci (ACF). These are clusters of abnormal crypts, morphologically characterized by an atypical behavior of the cells that populate the crypts. In this work an homogenization model is proposed, for representing the cellular dynamics in the colon epithelium. The goal is to simulate and predict, in silico, the spread and evolution of ACF, as it can be observed in colonoscopy images. By assuming that the colon is an heterogeneous media, exhibiting a periodic distribution of crypts, we start this work by describing a periodic model, that represents the ACF celldynamics in a twodimensional setting. Then, homogenization techniques are applied to this periodic model, to find a simpler model, whose solution symbolizes the averaged behavior of ACF at the tissue level. Some theoretical results concerning the existence of solution of the homogenized model are proven, applying a fixed point theorem. Numerical results showing the convergence of the periodic model to the homogenized model are presented.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 May 2014
 DOI:
 10.48550/arXiv.1405.1386
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1405.1386
 Bibcode:
 2014arXiv1405.1386F
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Analysis of PDEs;
 Computer Science  Numerical Analysis;
 Mathematics  Numerical Analysis;
 76R99;
 35J15;
 35B27;
 47H10;
 65M06;
 65M50;
 65M60
 EPrint:
 26 pages, 4 figures