The Inquisition's Semicolon: Punctuation, Translation, and Science in the 1616 Condemnation of the Copernican System
This paper presents high-resolution images of the original document of the 24 February 1616 condemnation of the Copernican system, as being "foolish and absurd in philosophy", by a team of consultants for the Roman Inquisition. Secondary sources have disagreed as to the punctuation of the document. The paper includes a brief analysis of the punctuation and the possible effects of that punctuation on meaning. The original document and its punctuation may also have relevance to public perception of science and to science education.
- Pub Date:
- February 2014
- Physics - History and Philosophy of Physics
- 22 pages, 1 table, 3 figures (2 very high resolution). Revised version (v2) includes minor changes based on feedback to v1. These include correction of several typos, two small adjustments to translation, etc