Locality and Availability in Distributed Storage
Abstract
This paper studies the problem of code symbol availability: a code symbol is said to have $(r, t)$availability if it can be reconstructed from $t$ disjoint groups of other symbols, each of size at most $r$. For example, $3$replication supports $(1, 2)$availability as each symbol can be read from its $t= 2$ other (disjoint) replicas, i.e., $r=1$. However, the rate of replication must vanish like $\frac{1}{t+1}$ as the availability increases. This paper shows that it is possible to construct codes that can support a scaling number of parallel reads while keeping the rate to be an arbitrarily high constant. It further shows that this is possible with the minimum distance arbitrarily close to the Singleton bound. This paper also presents a bound demonstrating a tradeoff between minimum distance, availability and locality. Our codes match the aforementioned bound and their construction relies on combinatorial objects called resolvable designs. From a practical standpoint, our codes seem useful for distributed storage applications involving hot data, i.e., the information which is frequently accessed by multiple processes in parallel.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2014
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1402.2011
 Bibcode:
 2014arXiv1402.2011S
 Keywords:

 Computer Science  Information Theory
 EPrint:
 Submitted to ISIT 2014