On Polignac's Conjecture
Abstract
A few years ago we identified a recursion that works directly with the gaps among the generators in each stage of Eratosthenes sieve. This recursion provides explicit enumerations of sequences of gaps among the generators, which are known as constellations. As the recursion proceeds, adjacent gaps within longer constellations are added together to produce shorter constellations of the same sum. These additions or closures correspond to removing composite numbers that are divisible by the prime for that stage of Eratosthenes sieve. Although we don't know where in the cycle of gaps a closure will occur, we can enumerate exactly how many copies of various constellations will survive each stage. In this paper, we broaden our study of these systems of constellations of a fixed sum. By generalizing our methods, we are able to demonstrate that for every even number $2n$ the gap $g=2n$ occurs infinitely often through the stages of Eratosthenes sieve. Moreover, we show that asymptotically the ratio of the number of gaps $g=2n$ to the number of gaps $g=2$ at each stage of Eratosthenes sieve converges to the estimates made for gaps among primes by Hardy and Littlewood in Conjecture B of their 1923 paper.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 February 2014
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1402.1970
 Bibcode:
 2014arXiv1402.1970H
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Number Theory;
 11N05;
 11A41;
 11A07