Velocities and Linewidths in the Network and Cell Interiors of a Polar Coronal Hole Compared with the Quiet Sun
The relative Doppler velocities and linewidths in a polar coronal hole and the nearby quiet-Sun region have been obtained from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)/ Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer (CDS) observations using emission lines originating at different heights in the solar atmosphere from the lower transition region (TR) to the low solar corona. The observed region is separated into the network and the cell interior, and the behavior of the above parameters were examined in the different regions. It has been found that the histograms of Doppler velocity and width are generally broader in the cell interior than in the network. The histograms of Doppler velocities of the network and cell interior do not show significant differences in most cases. However, in the case of the quiet Sun, the Doppler velocities of the cell interior are more blueshifted than those of the network for the lowermost line He ii 304 Å, and an opposite behavior is seen for the uppermost line Mg ix 368 Å. The linewidth histograms show that the network-cell difference is more prominent in the coronal hole. The network has a significantly larger linewidth than the cell interior for the lowermost TR line He ii 304 Å for the quiet Sun. For the coronal hole, this is true for the three lower TR lines: He ii 304 Å, O iii 599 Å, and O v 630 Å. We also obtained the correlations between the relative Doppler velocity and the width. A mild positive correlation is found for the lowermost transition-region line He ii 304 Å, which decreases even more or become insignificant for the intermediate lines. For the low coronal line Mg ix 368 Å, the correlation becomes strongly negative. This might be caused by standing waves or waves propagating from the lower to the upper solar atmosphere. The results may have implications for the generation of the fast solar wind and coronal heating.