Bell nonlocality
Abstract
Bell's 1964 theorem, which states that the predictions of quantum theory cannot be accounted for by any local theory, represents one of the most profound developments in the foundations of physics. In the last two decades, Bell's theorem has been a central theme of research from a variety of perspectives, mainly motivated by quantum information science, where the nonlocality of quantum theory underpins many of the advantages afforded by a quantum processing of information. The focus of this review is to a large extent oriented by these later developments. The main concepts and tools which have been developed to describe and study the nonlocality of quantum theory and which have raised this topic to the status of a full subfield of quantum information science are reviewed.
 Publication:

Reviews of Modern Physics
 Pub Date:
 April 2014
 DOI:
 10.1103/RevModPhys.86.419
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1303.2849
 Bibcode:
 2014RvMP...86..419B
 Keywords:

 03.65.Ud;
 Entanglement and quantum nonlocality;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 65 pages, 7 figures. Final version