Quantum fluctuations become particularly relevant in highly frustrated quantum magnets and can lead to new states of matter. We provide a simple and robust scenario for inducing magnetic vortex crystals in frustrated Mott insulators. By considering a quantum paramagnet that has a gapped spectrum with six-fold degenerate low-energy modes, we study the magnetic-field-induced condensation of these modes. We use a dilute gas approximation to demonstrate that a plethora of multi-Q condensates are stabilized for different combinations of exchange interactions. This rich quantum phase diagram includes magnetic vortex crystals, which are further stabilized by symmetric exchange anisotropies. Because skyrmion and domain-wall crystals have already been predicted and experimentally observed, this novel vortex phase completes the picture of emergent crystals of topologically nontrivial spin configurations.
Physical Review X
- Pub Date:
- January 2014
- Quantized spin models;
- Other Bose-Einstein condensation phenomena;
- Condensed Matter - Strongly Correlated Electrons
- 12 pages, 12 figures