Prioritizing the restoration of network distribution transformers using distribution system loading and network reliability indices
A method is proposed to prioritize the repair or replacement of out-of-service transformers that feed a heavily meshed secondary grid. The priority assigned to the restoration of a specific transformer is based on the reduction in risk that results from this replacement. Risk is equated to the number of customer outages that would occur if the transformer remains out of service. This risk addresses both the possibility of network collapse following feeder failures (occasioned by load-induced failure of transformers or feeders) and local customer outages on the secondary network. This prediction of risk makes extensive use of load predictions for feeder sections, distribution transformers and secondary mains. A software tool that implements the equations proposed in this paper gives system planners and operators the ability to quickly and economically select the next transformer to be repaired or replaced.
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- Energy;Alternative Energy;Engineering, General