Advanced materials system refers to new materials that are comprised of multiple traditional constituents but complex microstructure morphologies, which lead to superior properties over the conventional materials. To accelerate the development of new advanced materials system, the objective of this dissertation is to develop a computational design framework and the associated techniques for design automation of microstructure materials systems, with an emphasis on addressing the uncertainties associated with the heterogeneity of microstructural materials. Five key research tasks are identified: design representation, design evaluation, design synthesis, material informatics and uncertainty quantification. Design representation of microstructure includes statistical characterization and stochastic reconstruction. This dissertation develops a new descriptor-based methodology, which characterizes 2D microstructures using descriptors of composition, dispersion and geometry. Statistics of 3D descriptors are predicted based on 2D information to enable 2D-to-3D reconstruction. An efficient sequential reconstruction algorithm is developed to reconstruct statistically equivalent random 3D digital microstructures. In design evaluation, a stochastic decomposition and reassembly strategy is developed to deal with the high computational costs and uncertainties induced by material heterogeneity. The properties of Representative Volume Elements (RVE) are predicted by stochastically reassembling SVE elements with stochastic properties into a coarse representation of the RVE. In design synthesis, a new descriptor-based design framework is developed, which integrates computational methods of microstructure characterization and reconstruction, sensitivity analysis, Design of Experiments (DOE), metamodeling and optimization the enable parametric optimization of the microstructure for achieving the desired material properties. Material informatics is studied to efficiently reduce the dimension of microstructure design space. This dissertation develops a machine learning-based methodology to identify the key microstructure descriptors that highly impact properties of interest. In uncertainty quantification, a comparative study on data-driven random process models is conducted to provide guidance for choosing the most accurate model in statistical uncertainty quantification. Two new goodness-of-fit metrics are developed to provide quantitative measurements of random process models' accuracy. The benefits of the proposed methods are demonstrated by the example of designing the microstructure of polymer nanocomposites. This dissertation provides material-generic, intelligent modeling/design methodologies and techniques to accelerate the process of analyzing and designing new microstructural materials system.
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- Engineering, Mechanical;Engineering, Materials Science