A Dictionary Learning Approach with Overlap for the Low Dose Computed Tomography Reconstruction and Its Vectorial Application to Differential Phase Tomography
Abstract
We solve the image denoising problem with a dictionary learning technique by writing a convex functional of a new form. This functional contains beside the usual sparsity inducing term and fidelity term, a new term which induces similarity between overlapping patches in the overlap regions. The functional depends on two free regularization parameters: a coefficient multiplying the sparsityinducing $L_{1}$ norm of the patch basis functions coefficients, and a coefficient multiplying the $L_{2}$ norm of the differences between patches in the overlapping regions. The solution is found by applying the iterative proximal gradient descent method with FISTA acceleration. In the case of tomography reconstruction we calculate the gradient by applying projection of the solution and its error backprojection at each iterative step. We study the quality of the solution, as a function of the regularization parameters and noise, on synthetic datas for which the solution is apriori known. We apply the method on experimental data in the case of Differential Phase Tomography. For this case we use an original approach which consists in using vectorial patches, each patch having two components: one per each gradient component. The resulting algorithm, implemented in the ESRF tomography reconstruction code PyHST, results to be robust, efficient, and well adapted to strongly reduce the required dose and the number of projections in medical tomography.
 Publication:

PLoS ONE
 Pub Date:
 December 2014
 DOI:
 10.1371/journal.pone.0114325
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1305.1256
 Bibcode:
 2014PLoSO...9k4325M
 Keywords:

 Mathematics  Numerical Analysis;
 Computer Science  Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
 EPrint:
 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0114325