Evidence for quantum annealing with more than one hundred qubits
Abstract
Quantum technology is maturing to the point where quantum devices, such as quantum communication systems, quantum random number generators and quantum simulators may be built with capabilities exceeding classical computers. A quantum annealer, in particular, solves optimization problems by evolving a known initial configuration at nonzero temperature towards the ground state of a Hamiltonian encoding a given problem. Here, we present results from tests on a 108 qubit DWave One device based on superconducting flux qubits. By studying correlations we find that the device performance is inconsistent with classical annealing or that it is governed by classical spin dynamics. In contrast, we find that the device correlates well with simulated quantum annealing. We find further evidence for quantum annealing in the form of smallgap avoided level crossings characterizing the hard problems. To assess the computational power of the device we compare it against optimized classical algorithms.
 Publication:

Nature Physics
 Pub Date:
 March 2014
 DOI:
 10.1038/nphys2900
 arXiv:
 arXiv:1304.4595
 Bibcode:
 2014NatPh..10..218B
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 23 pages, 38 figures. Revised version. Text rewritten for clarity, added comparison with spin dynamics model