The angular- and crystal-momentum transfer through electron-phonon coupling in silicon and silicon-carbide: similarities and differences
Electron-phonon scattering has been studied for silicon carbide (6H-SiC) with resonant inelastic x-ray scattering at the silicon 2p edge. The observed electron-phonon scattering yields a crystal momentum transfer rate per average phonon in 6H-SiC of 1.8 fs-1 while it is 0.2 fs-1 in crystalline silicon. The angular momentum transfer rate per average phonon for 6H-SiC is 0.1 fs-1, which is much higher than 0.0035 fs-1 obtained for crystalline silicon in a previous study. The higher electron-phonon scattering rates in 6H-SiC are a result of the larger electron localization at the silicon atoms in 6H-SiC as compared to crystalline silicon. While delocalized valence electrons can screen effectively (part of) the electron-phonon interaction, this effect is suppressed for 6H-SiC in comparison to crystalline silicon. Smaller contributions to the difference in electron-phonon scattering rates between 6H-SiC and silicon arise from the lower atomic mass of carbon versus silicon and the difference in local symmetry.