Syntheses, spectral characterization, X-ray studies and in vitro cytotoxic activities of triorganotin(IV) derivatives of p-substituted N-methylbenzylaminedithiocarbamates
Two new organotin(IV) complexes of the type R3SnL, where (L = p-bromo-N-methylbenzylaminedithiocarbamate and p-fluoro-N-methylbenzylaminedithiocarbamate, and R = phenyl) have been synthesized in 1:1 molar ratio with good yields and isolated as crystalline solids. The newly synthesized compounds gave fairly sharp melting points indicating that the compounds were pure. A systematic investigation of the derivatives were carried out both in solid and in solution and were suitably characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H, 13C, 119Sn NMR spectroscopies. The dithiocarbamate ligands chelated to the tin metal monodentately using only one sulfur atom showing a pair of bands due to ν(Cdbnd S) below 1000 cm-1. This phenomenon was supported by the occurrence of new medium to weak absorptions in the region 411-545, in the spectra of complexes, assigned to ν(Snsbnd S) and ν(Snsbnd C). The crystal structures of the two triorganotin(IV) complexes have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Both the complexes crystallized in the monoclinic, P2(1)/n space group. The spectral investigations and single crystal X-ray diffraction data illustrate that the two dithiocarbamato ligands in the triphenyltin(IV) derivatives 1 and 2 are monodentate and the geometry at tin is best described as a distorted tetrahedron. The in vitro antiproliferative tests of these two derivatives on three human cell lines, leukemic lymphoblastoma Jurkat cells, lymphoblastoma K-562 cells, hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells and one mouse fibroblast cells L929 show dose-dependent decrease of cell proliferation in all cell lines.