Complex plane integration in the modelling of electromagnetic fields in layered media: part 1. Application to a very large loop
Abstract
This paper analyses the details of a procedure for the numerical integration of Hankel transforms in the calculation of the electromagnetic fields generated by a large horizontal loop over a 1D earth. The method performs the integration by deforming the integration path into the complex plane and applying Cauchy's theorem on a modified version of the integrand. The modification is the replacement of the Bessel functions J_{0} and J_{1} by the Hankel functions H_0^{(1)} and H_1^{(1)} respectively. The integration in the complex plane takes advantage of the exponentially decaying behaviour of the Hankel functions, allowing calculation on very small segments, instead of the infinite line of the original improper integrals. A crucial point in this problem is the location of the poles. The companion paper shows two methods to estimate the pole locations. We have used this method to calculate the fields of very large loops. Our results show that this method allows the estimation of the integrals with fewer evaluations of the integrand functions than other methods.
 Publication:

Journal of Geophysics and Engineering
 Pub Date:
 February 2014
 DOI:
 10.1088/17422132/11/1/015004
 Bibcode:
 2014JGE....11a5004S