Apply current exponential de Finetti theorem to realistic quantum key distribution
Abstract
In the realistic quantum key distribution (QKD), Alice and Bob respectively get a quantum state from an unknown channel, whose dimension may be unknown. However, while discussing the security, sometime we need to know exact dimension, since current exponential de Finetti theorem, crucial to the informationtheoretical security proof, is deeply related with the dimension and can only be applied to finite dimensional case. Here we address this problem in detail. We show that if POVM elements corresponding to Alice and Bob's measured results can be well described in a finite dimensional subspace with sufficiently small error, then dimensions of Alice and Bob's states can be almost regarded as finite. Since the security is well defined by the smooth entropy, which is continuous with the density matrix, the small error of state actually means small change of security. Then the security of unknowndimensional system can be solved. Finally we prove that for heterodyne detection continuous variable QKD and differential phase shift QKD, the collective attack is optimal under the infinite key size case.
 Publication:

International Journal of Modern Physics Conference Series
 Pub Date:
 September 2014
 DOI:
 10.1142/S2010194514603706
 arXiv:
 arXiv:0809.2683
 Bibcode:
 2014IJMPS..3360370Z
 Keywords:

 03.67.Dd;
 Quantum cryptography;
 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 11 pages, 2 figures, detailed version, applications added