Kaz 163 is a close double galaxy. Its southern component S is compact, with a very blue nucleus, in which heated active processes take place. From time to time gas formations are ejected from it, which behave themselves like emission components around the main emission lines Hα and Hβ, around both from their long-wave and short-wave sides. This paper presents the spectral data of new observations, which were carried out with the 2.6m telescope at the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory in September 2011. During the former observation in October 1981, lines [NII] λλ 6584,6548 were not visible in the spectrum of the component S. In 2001 they were already visible on the spectrum, and on the spectrum obtained in 2011 they already surpassed the intensity of Hα. The magnitude of the component S is also changing: its nucleus is very blue and its U-B = -0 m .63. In the soft X-ray spectral range (0.1-2 keV) the flux of the radiation changed by 45% during 55,000 sec, and in the hard one (2-10keV) it changed up to 3.4 times. Photoindices Γ for the soft and hard ranges in the spectrum of galaxy S, unlike other objects, do not so much differ from each other. The mean value for the first interval is approximately 2.5 and is equal -2.0 for the second one. On the histogram of redshifts Kaz 163 corresponds to the first big peak of the distribution. It is concluded that the component S of the galaxy Kaz 163 is a NLS1 galaxy, with the development of their evolution, is in the preliminary stage. Component N is a normal elliptical galaxy with no activity.